The Tennessee state seal features the Roman numeral XVI to signify that Tennessee was the 16th state to enter the Union in 1796.
The plow, sheaf of wheat, and cotton stalk are symbols of Tennessee agriculture, and the riverboat represents the importance of river traffic to commerce in the state.
Tennessee's official state motto is also "Agriculture and Commerce."
The Tennessee State Flag was designed by LeRoy Reeves of the Third Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. It was officially adopted by the Tennessee State Legislature on April 17, 1905.