Monuments and Memorials

Landmarks dedicated to the memory of important people and events.

Abraham-Lincoln-Tomb

Abraham Lincoln Tomb

Springfield, Illinois
This Illinois State Historic Site is the final resting place of Abraham Lincoln, his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, and three of their four sons. The exterior includes a terrace and an obelisk, while the interior contains a rotunda and the burial room.

Agua-Fria-National-Monument

Agua Fria National Monument

Cleator, Yavapai County, Arizona
Created by Presidential proclamation on January 11, 2000, the 71,100 acre (288 km≤) monument has over 450 distinct Native American structures, some of large pueblos containing more than 100 rooms each.

Ames-Monument

Ames Monument

, Albany County, Wyoming
Dedicated to brothers Oakes Ames and Oliver Ames, the monument is a four-sided, random ashlar pyramid, 60 feet square at the base and 60 feet high, constructed of light-colored native granite. It was completed in 1882.

Aniakchak-National-Monument-and-National-Recreation-Area

Aniakchak National Monument and National Recreation Area

, Alaska
This remote place is perhaps the least visited unit of the National Park System. The national monument is 137,176 federal acres (555 km≤) and the preserve is 465,603 acres (1,884 km≤) of which 439,863 are federal.

Arlington-House-(The-Robert-E.-Lee-Memorial)

Arlington House (The Robert E. Lee Memorial)

Arlington, Virginia
During the American Civil War, the grounds of the mansion were selected as the site of Arlington National Cemetery, in part to ensure that Confederate General Robert E. Lee would never again be able to return to his home.

Arlington-National-Cemetery

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, Virginia
The cemetery was established on the grounds of Arlington House, formerly the estate of the family of Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna Custis Lee, a descendant of Martha Washington.

Bear-River-Massacre-Monument

Bear River Massacre Monument

, Franklin County, Idaho
The monument was erected by the Daughters of Utah Pioneers in memory of the Battle of Bear River (Massacre at Boa Ogoi), which took place on January 29, 1863, between the United States Army and the Shoshone Indians.

Benjamin-Franklin-National-Memorial

Benjamin Franklin National Memorial

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Located in the the Franklin Institute Science Museum, the National Memorial features a 20 feet (6m) tall statue of Benjamin Franklin sculpted by James Earle Fraser between 1906 and 1911.

Boll-Weevil-Monument

Boll Weevil Monument

Enterprise, Coffee County, Alabama, 36330
The city erected the statue because the destruction of the cotton crop led to agricultural diversity and more prosperity than had ever come from cotton alone. It is said to be the only statue to an insect pest in the world.

Canyon-de-Chelly-National-Monument

Canyon de Chelly National Monument

Chinle, Apache County, Arizona
The monument covers 131 square miles (339 km2) and encompasses the floors and rims of the three major canyons: de Chelly, del Muerto, and Monument. These canyons were cut by streams with headwaters in the Chuska mountains.

Cape-Krusenstern-National-Monument

Cape Krusenstern National Monument

, Alaska
Cape Krusenstern National Monument stretches 70 miles along the Chukchi Sea shoreline. It is made up mainly of a coastal plain, containing large lagoons and rolling hills of limestone. Beach ridges provide evidence of 5000 years of human activity.

Devils-Tower-National-Monument

Devils Tower National Monument

, Crook County, Wyoming
Devil's Tower rises 1267 feet (386 m) above the surrounding land and is part of the United States first official National Monument. It played a large role in the movie "Close Encounters of the Third Kind."

Dinosaur-National-Monument

Dinosaur National Monument

, Multiple States
This park has fossils of dinosaurs including the T-Rex and Paradox kinds. The dinosaur fossil beds were discovered in 1909 by Earl Douglass, a paleontologist working and collecting for the Carnegie Museum.

Donner-Party-Monument

Donner Party Monument

near Truckee, California
During the winter of 1846-1847, a group of pioneers lead by the Donner family were trapped on this site by snow and cold. Many members of the party resorted to cannibalism when faced with death from starvation.

Everett-Dirksen-Monument

Everett Dirksen Monument

Pekin, Tazewell County, Illinois, 61554
This monument honors Everett McKinley Dirksen, who served Illinois for 34 years as a Republican Congressman and U.S. Senator.

Fairfax-Stone-Historical-Monument

Fairfax Stone Historical Monument

Davis, West Virginia
The Fairfax Stone was a surveyor's marker placed to settle a boundary dispute and to determine the proprietorship and boundaries of a large tract of largely unsurveyed land in the colonies of Maryland and Virginia during the Survey of 1736/37.

Flagler-Memorial-Monument

Flagler Memorial Monument

Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida
A 110-foot (34 m) high obelisk with allegorical sculptures at its base stands as a monument to Miami pioneer Henry M. Flagler. It was constructed in the center of an artificial island in memory of Flagler, who died in 1913.

Fort-McHenry-National-Monument-and-Historic-Shrine

Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine

Baltimore, Maryland, 21230
During the Battle of Baltimore in 1814, a lawyer named Francis Scott Key was watching the U.S. flag wave over Fort McHenry. He was inspired to write a poem called the "Star-Spangled Banner."

Franklin-Delano-Roosevelt-Memorial

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia, 20024
Spread over 7.5 acres, the memorial is composed of four outdoor rooms, one for each of FDR's terms of office. Each of the four areas of the memorial contains a waterfall.

Gateway-Arch-(St.-Louis-Arch)

Gateway Arch (St. Louis Arch)

St. Louis, Missouri
Officially named the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, the arch was built to commemorate the Louisiana Purchase and St. Louis' role as the "gateway" to the western frontier of the early United States.

George-Washington-Masonic-Memorial

George Washington Masonic Memorial

Alexandria, Virginia
The tower is fashioned after the Lighthouse of Alexandria, in part because of town's namesake, and the masonic interest in great buildings of the ancient world.

Gnadenhutten-Massacre-Monument

Gnadenhutten Massacre Monument

Gnadenhutten, Ohio
The Gnadenhutten Massacre, also known as the Moravian Massacre, was the killing on March 8, 1782, of ninety-six Christian American Indians, including sixty-eight women and children, by American militia from Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.

Go-For-Broke-Monument

Go For Broke Monument

Los Angeles, California
The Go For Broke Monument commemorates Japanese Americans who served overseas in the United States Military during World War II. The monument's wall lists the names of 16,126 Nisei (Second generation Japanese-American) soldiers.

James-A.-Garfield-Memorial

James A. Garfield Memorial

Cleveland, Ohio
President and Mrs. Garfield are entombed in the lower level crypt, their coffins placed side by side and visible to cemetery visitors.

James-Dean-Memorial

James Dean Memorial

Cholame, California
Famous for his role in the movie "Rebel Without a Cause," James Dean was one of America's most famous teen idols. The irony that the racing enthusiast died in a car accident is reflected in the unique design of this memorial.

Jefferson-Memorial

Jefferson Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
The Jefferson Memorial was officially dedicated on April 13, 1943 - the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birthday.

Korean-War-Veterans-Memorial

Korean War Veterans Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia, 20020
The memorial is in the form of a triangle intersecting a circle. Within the triangle are 19 stainless steel statues designed by Frank Gaylord representing a squad on patrol.

Liberty-Memorial

Liberty Memorial

Kansas City, Missouri
When the Liberty Memorial opened on November 11, 1926 , President Calvin Coolidge delivered the dedication speech. The memorial is home to the National World War I Museum, which opened on December 2, 2006.

Lincoln-Memorial

Lincoln Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
The Lincoln Memorial replicates the form of a Greek Doric temple and contains a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and inscriptions of two well-known speeches by Lincoln.

Little-Bighorn-Battlefield-National-Monument

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument

Crow Agency, Montana
This monument is dedicated to the men who died in the battle of the Little Bighorn. It was build in 1881 making it the oldest national monument in the country.

Marine-Corps-War-Memorial

Marine Corps War Memorial

Rosslyn, Virginia
Although the Marine Corps War Memorial depicts one of the famous moments of World War II, the memorial is dedicated to all Marines who have given their lives in the service of the United States since 1775.

Mount-Rushmore-National-Memorial

Mount Rushmore National Memorial

near Keystone, South Dakota
One of the most recognized and controversial landmarks in the United States, Mt. Rushmore features the faces of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Lincoln.

National-Memorial-Arch

National Memorial Arch

Valley Forge National Historical Park, Pennsylvania
The Arch was erected in 1910 by an act of the 61st Congress. Designed by University of Pennsylvania professor Paul Philippe Cret, the Arch is built in a style similar to the Arch of Titus in Rome.

National-Monument-to-the-Forefathers-(Pilgrim-Monument)

National Monument to the Forefathers (Pilgrim Monument)

Plymouth, Massachusetts
It's not an official National Monument, but it was renamed to show that it is dedicated to the entire nation and to keep it from being confused with another monument in the same town called "Pilgrim Monument."

National-World-War-II-Memorial

National World War II Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
The National World War II Memorial commemorates the sacrifice and celebrates the victory of the WWII generation. The Second World War is the only 20th Century event commemorated on the National Mallís central axis.

Oklahoma-City-National-Memorial

Oklahoma City National Memorial

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Taking up 3.3 acres, the Oklahoma City National Memorial is the largest memorial of its kind in the United States. It was built in memory of those who died in the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building.

Petrified-Forest-National-Park

Petrified Forest National Park

, Arizona
The Petrified Forest features one of the world's largest and most colorful concentrations of petrified wood. The park covers 218,533 acres (341.5 sq mi / 885 km≤).

Philadelphia-Vietnam-Veterans-Memorial

Philadelphia Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Completed in 1987, the memorial is located in Philly's Penn's Landing area just across from I-95. This section of I-95 is also called the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway.

Pilgrim-Monument

Pilgrim Monument

Provincetown, Massachusetts
The Pilgrim Monument was built between 1907 and 1910 to commemorate the first landfall of the Pilgrims in 1620 and the signing in Provincetown Harbor of the Mayflower Compact.

Salinas-Pueblo-Missions-National-Monument

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

Gran Quivira, New Mexico
These austere yet beautiful reminders of this earliest contact between Pueblo Indians and Spanish Colonials consists of the ruins of four mission churches: Quarai, Abů, Gran Quivira and the partially excavated pueblo of Las Humanas.

San-Jacinto-Monument

San Jacinto Monument

La Porte, Harris County, Texas
The San Jacinto Monument is a 570 foot (173.7 m) high column topped with a 220 ton star that commemorates the site of the Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. It is the second tallest monument in the United States.

Smith-Civil-War-Memorial

Smith Civil War Memorial

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19131
The Smith Civil War Memorial was erected between 1897 and 1912 under a bequest of Richard Smith. It features several statues of the military leaders of the war and a whispering bench.

Soldiers-and-Sailors-Monument-(Indianapolis)

Soldiers and Sailors Monument (Indianapolis)

Indianapolis, Indiana
The Soldiers and Sailors Monument was designed by German architect Bruno Schmitz, and was completed in 1901. The basement of the monument is the Colonel Eli Lilly Museum, a museum of Indiana history during the American Civil War.

The-Washington-Monument

The Washington Monument

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19130
This 1897 work by Rudolf Siemering features a majestic statue of Washington along with sculptures of animals and allegorical figures of rivers. Other features include fountains, stairs and plaques.

Tomb-of-the-Unknown-Soldier

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19106
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier honors the thousands of soldiers who died during the American Revolutionary War, many of whom were buried in mass graves in the park. Built in 1954, it features an eternal flame and a statue of George Washington.

Tomb-of-the-Unknowns

Tomb of the Unknowns

Arlington, Virginia
The Tomb of the Unknowns has been guarded continuously, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, since July 2, 1937. Inclement weather does not cause the watch to cease.

U.S.S.-Arizona-Memorial

U.S.S. Arizona Memorial

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
The memorial, dedicated in 1962, spans the sunken hull of the battleship Arizona without touching it. The Navy stipulated that the memorial be in the form of a bridge floating above the ship and accommodate 200 people.

Vietnam-Veterans-Memorial

Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
The names of the nearly 58,000 Americans who died in Vietnam or who remain unaccounted for are inscribed on the walls in chronological order.

Vietnam-Women's-Memorial

Vietnam Women's Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
During the Vietnam War, over a quarter of a million women volunteered to serve in Vietnam as nurses and other support personnel. This memorial is dedicated to those women.

Washington-Monument

Washington Monument

Washington, District of Columbia
The monument is among the world's tallest masonry structures, standing 555 feet (169.29 m) in height and made of marble, granite, and sandstone. It was designed by Robert Mills, a prominent American architect of the 1840s.

Washington-Monument-(Baltimore)

Washington Monument (Baltimore)

Baltimore, Maryland
Designed by Robert Mills who also designed the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C., construction began in 1815 and was completed by 1829.

Washington-Monument-State-Park

Washington Monument State Park

, Washington County, Maryland
This park is not named for the famous monument in Washington, D.C., but for a 34 feet tall tower on the peak of South Mountain. The rough stone tower was the first monument in the United States dedicated to George Washington.

The United States of America

Map of the United States

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